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How Britain Underdeveloped the Caribbean: A Reparation Response to Europe’s Legacy of Plunder and Poverty

by Hilary McD. Beckles

“The modern Caribbean economy was invented, structured and managed by European states for one purpose: to achieve maximum wealth extraction to fuel and sustain their national financial, commercial and industrial transformation.” So begins How Britain Underdeveloped the Caribbean: A Reparation Response to Europe’s Legacy of Plunder and Poverty as Hilary McD. Beckles continues the groundbreaking work he began in Britain’s Black Debt: Reparations for Caribbean Slavery and Native Genocide.


Miss Lou had the instinctive wisdom to relate language to identity. As a people who have long since lost our identity, we continue to search for it.

There is an interrelationship between language – the words we use – and our identity. In that regard, Miss Lou helped us to remember who we are. However, mental slavery is still with us. While we continue to deny our own language, our way of expressing ourselves, there is no escaping the fact that our language is part of our identity as Jamaicans.

Although a lot of our unique cultural DNA disappeared during the Middle Passage, Miss Lou had the wisdom and the courage to grasp what remained of that DNA and give voice to the voiceless. She did it with such decisiveness that I have lived to see the day when Patwa, or Jamaican Language as it is properly called, has taken its rightful place as an important part of our identity.

That is Miss Lou’s legacy.

—Beverly Manley-Duncan

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Volume 7 Issue 1

Interviewing the Caribbean
Volume 7 Issue 1
Caribbean Music

Editor: Opal Palmer Adisa
Guest Editor: Meagan Sylvester


  • Womanhood, Femininity and Gender Justice in Trinidad and Tobago Music by Meagan Sylvester
  • Buju Banton, the Caring, Vulnerable Lover by Melville Cooke
  • Two Jazz Artistes, One Love: A Sax & a Song: Anthony Woodroffe Jr., Jazz Saxophonist & Vaughnette Bigford, Jazz Vocalist by Georgia Alexander

and so much more.

 Purchase your copy at BookFusion or Subscribe.

One Thousand Eyes

Barbara Lalla

In One Thousand Eyes, a ragged troop of abandoned children fights to survive on a devastated Caribbean island. Eleven-year-old Myche marshals them out of the small sanctuary that is no longer safe, on a treacherous journey through destroyed cities and ravaged landscapes. In mountains and grottos, and in brackish wastelands of mangrove and floating grasses, the children face danger from the harsh environment and its inhabitants, as well as from intruders who hunt them ruthlessly. But a well-ordered and comfortable landing may pose the greatest threat of all.

A coming-of-age tale for readers of Caribbean fiction and world literature, speculative writing and eco-fiction, One Thousand Eyes, set amid the dark forces of a chillingly possible world, is ultimately about resilience, love, courage and the power of storytelling.

The UWI Quality Education Forum
Open Access Journal
Volume 25

This volume features:

  • FIRST PERSON: COVID-19 and the “New” University Reality by Eldon V. Birthwright
  • Evaluation of Emergency Remote Teaching and Learning in the MBBS Programme, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Mona – Students’ Perspectives by Russell Pierre, Helen Trotman, and Andrea Garbutt
  • Exploring Strategies for Assuring the Integrity of Remote Online Assessments by Ricardo Anderson

and many more

Access your free copy here.

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Achieving Excellence: Caribbean Soccer Coaching Manual by Roland Butcher

Available as an eResource via BookFusion

Click to purchase