The Journal of Caribbean History: Volume 46, Issue 1

Article 2
White Negroes, Black Hebrews and the Anti-Imperialist Narratives of Theophilus Scholes

Wigmoore Francis


By the nineteenth century, anthropology had begun to consolidate its identity as a distinct discipline and to assert its scientificity. That this enterprise was occurring within the context of European imperial ambitions meant that the colonized minions effectively became fodder for scientific discourses that reinforced and justified their already inferior status within the Euro-American imaginary. This essay examines how a Caribbean thinker, Theophilus Scholes, sought to disrupt this project by using the figure of the “white Negro” to expose the linkages between ethnological preoccupation with black bodies and an imperial network of power that held implications for political equality.