The Journal of Caribbean History: Volume 44, Issue 1

Article 5
The Other CM: Catholic Missionary Outreach to the Indians of Trinidad in the Nineteenth Century

Glenroy Taitt


In contrast to the well-documented work of the Canadian Mission, or CM, which arrived in Trinidad from Nova Scotia in 1868 expressly to Christianize the migrants from India and their offspring, Catholic missionary activity among Trinidad’s Indian population is far less known. This article, drawing extensively on archival resources in French, explores the efforts of the Catholic missionaries to evangelize the Indians. The article concludes that although it was eventually overtaken by the more focused Canadian Mission, Catholic missionary work was much more active and widespread than is generally assumed. It also involved female missionaries, a feature which previous studies have largely overlooked.