The Journal of Caribbean History: Volume 37, Issue 1

Article 1
Moving Memories: Joaquin Vara de Rey and Spanish History-Crafting in Cuba, 1898-1931

John-Marshall Klein


This article shows how Spanish residents in Cuba successfully shaped public remembrance of the Spanish’Cuban-American War between 1898 and 1931 to prevent potential reprisals from Cubans. Previous scholarship has emphasized US-Cuban clashes over the significance of1898. However, the role of the island’s powerful Spanish community must be factored in as well Spanish community leaders used their money and media influence to limit recollection of Spanish military humiliation and wartime atrocities against Cuban civilians. One key way in which Spanish residents accomplished this gpal was by promoting the legend of a “noble” Spanish general, Joaquin Vara de Rey.