Caribbean Journal of Psychology: Vol. 2, Issue 1, 2004

Article 2
The Family Cohesion and Adaptability Scale-II: Is the Factor Model for Jamaican Adults Similar to that Established for U.S. Adults?

Michael Canute Lambert
University of Missouri-Columbia

Maureen E. Samms-Vaughan
The University of the West Indies, Mona

Neal Schmitt
Michigan State University


Jamaica, a developing nation has limited resources to develop psychological measures. Without psychometric information for Jamaicans, professionals therefore use measures such as the Family Cohesion and Adaptability-Scale- II (FACES-II), normed primarily on White U.S. samples to assess Africandescended Jamaicans on family functioning. Confirmatory factor analysis on 1,922 Jamaican adults’ ratings on the FACES-II revealed poor fit for its established factors. Exploratory factor analysis on a derivation subsample (N = 636) revealed factors labeled cohesion and distance that were crossvalidated on another subsample and were psychometrically invariant across men and women and across referred and nonreferred adults. Research is needed to further document FACES-II psychometric properties but the newly derived factors may appropriately measure Jamaican family functioning.