Caribbean Journal of Psychology: Vol. 4, Issue 1, 2011

Article 1
Social Reputation and Children’s Adjustment in a very Collectivistic Society: A longitudinal exploration

Kenia Lorenzo-Chávez
Centro de Investigaciones Psicológicas y Sociológicas,

Cuba

Barry H. Schneider
University of Ottawa,

Canada

Ibis Marlene Alvarez-Valdivia
Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona,

Spain

Dalgys Pérez-Luján
Universidad Central Martha Abreu de Las Villas,

Cuba

Laura Becali-Puerta
Universidad Pedagógica Juan Marinello,

Cuba

Yuri Arsenio Sanz
Universidad de Holguín Oscar Lucero Moya,

Cuba



Abstract

Social reputation is very important in Cuba for maintaining the collectivistic culture. We investigated whether peer nominations of social behaviour and teacher ratings of adjustment varied by chronic and non-chronic peer rejection (sociometric status) in 188 Cuban elementary school children. Data were collected through questionnaires administered at schools in several parts of Cuba. Rejected children at year one had significantly higher scores on peer nominations for withdrawal and aggression, but not on prosocial behaviour. They also had higher teacher ratings on externalizing and problem behaviours and lower scores on cooperation. In general, the implications for maladjustment were not substantially greater for being rejected by peers two years in a row than for being rejected at only one point in time. Results are discussed in the context of Cuban society.