Exploring Differences in the Dimensions of Self-Esteem among Urban Indo and Afro-Trinidadians
The University of the West Indies, St. Augustine
University of Toronto, Canada
This study explored the various dimensions of self-esteem among urban Afro-Trinidadian and Indo-Trinidadian adolescents using a nonrandom sample of 157 participants (73 male and 84 female adolescents; 103 Indo-Trinidadians and 54 Afro-Trinidadians). Participants completed the Self-Esteem Index (Brown & Alexander, 1991). This instrument gives a multidimensional measure of self esteem on four subscales: Perception of Familial Acceptance; Perception of Academic Competence; Perception of Peer Popularity; Perception of Personal Security, each of which is reflected in 20 items on the questionnaire, and a Total Self-Esteem score. Significant main effects were found for gender on perceived academic competence, perceived personal security and total self-esteem, while for ethnicity, a significant main effect was found for perceived personal security. Further research needs to be conducted using a larger sample size to ascertain the validity of the study’s findings and the instrument utilized.