Caribbean Journal of Psychology: Vol. 11, Issue 1, 2019

Article 6
Older Adults’ Attitudes to Ageing: The Jamaican Perspective Black Skin, White Masks Revisited: (Post-) Colonialism* and Migration as the Social and (Im)material Memory of Afro-Surinamese Migrant Women in Postcolonial Netherlands

Pam H. Zuurbier
Anton de Korn
University of Suriname, Paramaribo


This article describes the institutional forms of inclusion and integration that motivate the actions of Afro-Surinamese mi­grant women in the Netherlands. Drawing on the work of the French Caribbean psychiatrist Frantz Fanon (1925 – 1961), this article offers insights into the manner in which migration and social and (im)material memory is (re)produced as con­tentious repertoires. The essentialist views of the arrival soci­ety have a major influence on the behaviour of black and migrant women. On the one hand, this leads to mimicking inte­gration behaviour, while on the other hand, the women resist it because the social and (im)material memory of the departure society demands it. Institutional forms of inclusion and inte­gration pose dilemmas for black and migrant women and en­courage them to mimic integration behaviour, extending the work of Fanon. Further research is required to better under­stand this phenomenon among Caribbean immigrants to the Netherlands and other high-income countries.