Caribbean Journal of Psychology: Volume 1, Issue 1

Article 4
The Validity of the Multidimensional Scales of Perceived Self Efficacy in Jamaica

Marina Ramkissoon
University of the West Indies, Mona


Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the concurrent, retrospective, predictive and factorial validity of Bandura’s (1990) Multidimensional Scales of Perceived Efficacy (MSPSE) in a Jamaican university context. The scales were tested using data from 192 undergraduate Social Sciences students at the University of the West Indies (UWI) using a confirmatory factor analysis design. Results were compared to Bandura’s original subscales and a similar study by Choi, Fuqua & Griffin (2001). The MSPSE showed strong factorial validity for two of its scales: self regulated learning and self regulatory efficacy to resist peer pressure. Differences were seen for the other scales, which point to cultural differences in the meaning of self efficacy dimensions. Concurrent validity was moderate for most of the subscales, while predictive and retrospective correlations were weaker or negligible, due in part to limitations of the measurement. While the MSPSE has some support from this present paper, modifications are necessary before it is applied to the Jamaican setting).