Originally built in 1844 and rebuilt in 1907 after being gutted by fire during the 1903 water riots, the Red House has been the seat of Trinidad and Tobago’s parliament for over one hundred years. As a result of archaeological discoveries made in the basement of the Red House in March–April 2013, the Office of the Parliament of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago hired Basil A. Reid and his archaeological crew of local and international scholars to undertake a detailed study of the site from July 2013 to January 2015.
The archaeological data suggest that centuries before the Red House building was originally constructed, a relatively large native community (comprised of the Saladoid and their descendants) lived continuously at the site for over one thousand years. Featured in the volume are significant findings relating to the biological profiles, DNA, diet and subsistence, mobility, and ceramic technology of these precolonial natives.
This work showcases a diverse collection of both precolonial and colonial-period artefacts; the role of the site’s precolonial inhabitants as dynamic, self-reflexive history makers; and the colonial history of the Red House from earliest times to 1907.Finally, the volume explores the GIS Archaeological Information System that was developed for the project coupled with the specific heritage-management approaches that were utilized.
The chapters in this collection are based on ground-breaking archaeological scholarship with a multidisciplinary approach, and as such the book will be of considerable interest to Caribbean archaeologists, bioarchaeologists, anthropologists, historians and heritage professionals. The book will also be of interest to general readers in the Caribbean and beyond, especially the people of Trinidad and Tobago.
Introduction: An Archaeological Study of the Red House
BASIL A. REID
PART 1. THE PRE-COLONIAL PERIOD
The Pre-colonial History-Makers of the Red House Site, 125-1395
BASIL A. REID, BRENT WILSON, ZARA ALI , LOUISE DOVER, SADE GRANT AND SAMUEL REYES
MICHEL SHAMOON-POUR, L ARS F EHREN-SCHMITZ, D. ANDREW M ERRIWETHER AND BASIL A. REID
Multi-Isotopic Analysis of the Red House Site Skeletal Remains: Inferring Paleodiet and Paleomobility from Recovered Bones and Teeth
JOHN K RIGBAUM, GORGE D. KAMENOV, LAURA VAN VOORHIS AND BASIL A . REID
A Bioarchaeological Study of the Human Skeletons from the Red House
JOHN J. SHULTZ, PATRISHA L . MYERS AND J. MARLA TOYNE
Lipid Residue Analysis of Pre-colonial Ceramics from the Red House
MARY MALAINEY, TIMOTHY FIGOL, BASIL A. REID, MAKINI EMMANUEL AND ANDREW MAURICE
Initial Interpretations of the Red House Faunal Assemblage
ZARA ALI , BRENT WILSON, MIKE RUTHERFORD, LANYA FANOVICH, JOHN K RIGBAUM AND L AURA VAN VOORHIS
Petrographic and Chemical Analyses of Pre-colonial Ceramics from the Red House Site
PATRICK DEGRYSE, CORINNE L. HOFMAN, BASIL A. REID, BERT NEYT AND KRYSTAL SINGH
The Colonial History of Port of Spain and the Red House from the Late Fifteeenth Century to 1907
An Archaeological Review of the Colonial Red House Site, 1844-1907
MAKINI EMMANUEL, GEORGIA L. FOX AND GIFFORD WATERS
Developing a GIS Archaeological Information System for the Red House
MICHAEL SUTHERLAND, AMIT SEERAM, SARAH HOSEIN AND BASIL A . REID
The Red House Restoration Archaeological Project: An Example of Archaeological and Values-Based Heritage Management
BASIL A. REID, NEIL JAGGASSAR AND PETER E. SIEGEL