Traditionally a navigating and migratory people, Portuguese settlers came to the Caribbean as early as the seventeenth century. The ancestors of the modern Portuguese community in Trinidad and Tobago hailed from the archipelago of Madeira, fleeing their homeland in search of an economic and religious haven from the 1830s onwards. They came neither to explore nor to conquer, had no history of land and slave ownership in the Caribbean, and they came without prestigious family names or old money. Yet within a few generations, struggles were overcome to push the community to the forefront of national life, in the areas of business, politics, religion and culture. Bound by language and traditions, the Portuguese were able to work together for their common good, the result of which was a proliferation of Portuguese businesses of various sizes and descriptions all over the country. Though few in number, the Portuguese contribution to their adopted homeland is of a significance beyond the small size of the community.
Every migrating group has a tale to tell. For years, the tale of the Madeirans in Trinidad and Tobago and Luso-Trinidadians and Tobagonians has gone untold. Here is an attempt to tell their story in the context of culture and entrepreneurship.
Foreword to the First Edition Selwyn J. Ryan
Foreword to the Revised Edition Bridget Brereton
Acknowledgements / Agradecimentos
Portuguese Settlement in Trinidad and Tobago
Bakers, Winemakers and More
“Neither Fish nor Fowl”: The Place of the Portuguese in Trinidad and Tobago Society
Two Religious Factions Come Face to Face
Clubs, Arts and Cuisine: Portuguese Cultural Life
The Life Cycle of the Portuguese Language
A. Some Portuguese Family Names in Trinidad and Tobago
B. Some Portuguese Place Names in Trinidad and Tobago
C. Ministers, Supply Ministers and Associate Ministers of the St Ann’s Church of Scotland, 1847–2018
D. Consuls and Vice Consuls for Portugal in Trinidad and Tobago, 1893–2018
E. Leaders of Associação Portuguesa Primeiro de Dezembro, 1905–2018
F. Presidents of the Portuguese Club, 1927–2018
G. The Portuguese National Anthem: “A Portuguesa”
I. Some Highlights of the Portuguese Experience in Trinidad and Tobago: A Timeline
JO-ANNE S. FERREIRA is Senior Lecturer in Linguistics, the University of the West Indies, St Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago. Her publications include studies on the history of Portuguese language and culture in the Caribbean and on Trinidadian and other South American Caribbean French Creole varieties.